Colon cancer is the most common type of gastrointestinal cancer. Overall, It is the second most common type of cancer. There are a wide variety of causes of colon cancer but sporadic (with no family history) colon cancer remains the most common reason. Colon cancer happens due to new genetic defects of normal cells.
There have been significant advances made in the treatment of both colon and rectal cancer. It is important to note that colon cancer and rectal cancer can be treated very differently from one another. Your treatment plan will include a complete evaluation of all of your laboratory values, imaging, and colonoscopy, and pathology. Together these diagnostic tests will help provide a complete picture to help guide the treatment plan. If surgery is an option at presentation, it will be performed using the most appropriate minimally invasive method. Many patients are candidates for advanced laparoscopy or robotic surgery. Examples of what part of the colon is removed based on the location of tumor along with examples of how the intestines are re-attached.
The vast majority of the patients will have this surgery as an outpatient and will go home the same day. You will need to be on a light diet that is low in fat and cholesterol for about 2 days after surgery so that you can recover from the anesthesia. We recommend a diet low in fat and cholesterol always but try to follow this for about 4 weeks after surgery to help the recovery process. Typically, after recovery there are no dietary restrictions.